An estimated one in five Indian women suffers from PCOS. It is not a disease, but a condition that can present itself in different ways. After doing continuous research on PCOS also the exact cause of PCOS is unknown. However there are several factors, including genetics which are widely believed to play a role.
Role of androgens
Androgens are a group of hormones that play a role developing male traits and reproductive activity. These hormones are present in females also in lesser quantity. While all women produce small amounts of androgens, those with PCOS have more androgens than normal, which can prevent ovulation and make it difficult to have regular menstrual cycles. In the language of science it means that the follicles grow and build up fluid, but the eggs do not get released. Ovulation does not occur, and the follicles might turn into cysts. If this is happening in your body, then it might fail to make the hormone progesterone, which is needed to keep your cycle regular.
Causes & effect
PCOS affects nearly 200 million worldwide. It is a significant health concern that requires attention, support and at the paramount it needs awareness. The symptoms mainly include irregular periods or no periods at all, difficulty getting pregnant, excessive hair growth; weight gain, thinning hair, oily skin and acne. Another issue affecting awareness is the stigmas associated with PCOS. Lots of girls and women are afraid to open up about their experiences and feelings. Until these stigmas are removed, we cannot expect others to understand. This is why knowing you are not alone, knowing others are out there dealing with what you are dealing with and being open to sharing stories, in turn, will increase awareness and sensitivity. Genetic and environmental factors also play a role in PCOS. Risk factors include obesity, a lack of physical exercise, and a family history of someone with the condition. PCOS does not have a 100% effective cure. Treatment generally involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise. Birth control pills can help with improving the regularity of periods, excess hair growth, and acne. Other typical acne treatments and hair removal techniques may be used such as laser and electrolysis. Efforts to improve fertility include weight loss, metformin and clomiphene. PCOS is the most common endocrine disordor found among women between the ages of 18 and 44. It affects approximately 2% to 20% of girls and women in this age group. When someone is infertile due to lack of ovulation, PCOS is the most common cause.
We all need to talk about this!!!!
Did you know?
· There is a 9% greater risk of forming endometrial cancer in women with PCOS.
· Approximately 50% of women with PCOS can be diabetic by age 40.
· 34% of women with PCOS found to deal with depression and 45% dealing with anxiety issues.
· One in every three women with PCOS has an abnormal glucose tolerance.
· About 6% of PCOS patients have bulimia as compared to about 1% of other women.
· About 20% of women with PCOS have amenorrhea (no menstrual periods).
· Between 50% and 70% of women with PCOS experience Insulin Resistance.
PCOS can also lead to: Hypertension, Lipid abnormalities, Obesity, Sleep Apnea, Infertility, Hid adenitis suppurativa, Arthrosclerosis, Varicose veins and sometimes binge eating.
It is true saying that we cannot control everything that goes around but at least we can control our PCOS. Unfortunately, doctors can only currently treat the individual symptoms of women with PCOS – rather than the entire syndrome. Once diagnosed, it can be managed effectively in most patients to help them lead healthier and more satisfying lifestyles. One can start by paying attention to the nutritional needs of body. In addition, there are diets, supplements, exercises and medications that can help so it’s important to take the step and work with a professional who knows PCOS. Bottom line treatments are just as varied as the symptoms, find what works best for you and take your time getting to where you want to be. Nothing happens over night, realizing this is the biggest and most valuable step you can take! It all starts from our inner self and belief. So, come together, create awareness and cure PCOS with love.